The Vibrant Urgency of Business Ethics
“If you steal, if you cheat, just don't get caught. If you do, beg for a second chance, and you'll get one." Sherron Watkins reported that was the culture at Enron. Yet, the company had a very good Ethics document (64 pages long!) that simply sat on the shelf, ignored. Business Ethics are a vital part of any business and may be just as important as marketing is to the future of the company. Ethics happen in the painful, often gut wrenching decisions such as hiring and firing employees or in purchasing.
Most ethics statements seem to be written to reassure customers that they are purchasing from an ethical company. As such, they are only marketing statements and not connected to how the company actually operates.
Business Ethics affect us at the point where we have to make judgements. As such, ethics do not really affect most sales. For the business person, it is rare to even think about ethics while selling. A few times, the business person will decline to sell to someone such as when a government will declare certain businesses "out of bounds" and banks will stop processing their businesses. However, selling is rarely where businesses make ethical decisions.
In business, most of our judgement calls are made mostly when we are purchasing or hiring and firing employees. And it was in those areas that Enron fell down.
We have power in our purchases. For example, with the efforts to reform the garment factories in Bangladesh, we can see the power of deciding to have ethics in how we purchase. Likewise, a number of companies chose to purchase computer systems from one vendor because they didn't like the business practices of another vendor.
We have power in our hiring decisions and that is where our business ethics are important. Public examples of this are being seen in football teams where people with great talent are either hired or not based on other factors in their lives. In many companies, we see people with certain criminal records blacklisted. Other places have overlooked questionable ethical pasts because of how much profit someone might bring. For example, the people who nearly brought down Salomon Brothers went on to other companies along with their questionable practices and caused problems elsewhere.
We have power in our firing decisions and that is where our business ethics are important. Often, this is the most important aspect of business ethics. At Enron, instead of firing people who cheated, they were "given a second chance". The culture was "don't get caught" instead of "do the right thing".
Because our ethics are involved when we evaluate others, that puts an urgency to ethics. We get to decide over and over again what our real values are. Do we value simply how much money someone brings in or do we also consider how they did it, whether we actually made a profit, and what the costs are to the rest of the organization?